On January 17, 1945, soldiers of the First Polish Army entered the almost destroyed Warsaw. The struggle for mastery of the city lasted only a few hours, because the German command, fearing the encirclement, withdrew most of its forces from the capital. Before the soldiers of the 1st Army of the Polish Army there were only German guards forces. Serious clashes with the enemy occurred sporadically. Was fought, among others in the area of Bielański Forest, Main Railway Station and at the intersection of Aleje Jerozolimskie and Nowy Świat. In the Warsaw operation lasting from January 14 to 17, 1945, the 1st Army of the Polish Army and the 47th and 61th Army of the 1st Belorussian Front took part. It was part of the great offensive launched by the Red Army on January 12, 1945, called the Vistula-Oder operation. In his memoirs, Jeremi Przybora, he described the event as "the ghastly liberation of the city's troupe and the ghastly parade on its cemetery, this parade of victorious troops marching between two silent rows of specters. They turned out, like silent audiences, into bleachers and ruin stands, along the route of marching soldiers + Warsaw's opera + ghosts of boys and girls from the Home Army, mixed in with crowds of residents who were with Warsaw's fighters with their faces and souls, smiles, despair and fear, a parade of liberators who have not liberated anyone ". (J. Przybora, "Closed Eye of Misfortune, Memuar Part II"). The term "liberation of Warsaw" still raises discussions. Judging by the historian Andrzej Krzysztof Kunert in a statement to PAP, he stated: "In my opinion, on January 17, 1945, the city was not liberated, but the liberation of a sea of ruins, deprived of its inhabitants, I would call this an extinct site, a few hours earlier vacated by German troops. there was no one to welcome the entering army with flowers. " On January 17, 1945, the period of freedom did not begin for everyone. Together with the soldiers of the Polish People's Army, Soviet troops also entered Warsaw, including NKVD units.